Signs & Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease (also known as periodontitis and gum disease), which occurs when toxins found in plaque begin to irritate the gingiva (gum tissue), is a progressive condition. The resulting bacterial infection, often known as gingivitis, can eventually lead to the destruction of the gum tissue and underlying bone and also lead to loose teeth or tooth loss if not treated.

Described below are some of the most common signs and symptoms of periodontitis:

  • Pain, redness or swelling  – Periodontal infection may manifest itself if the gums are swollen, red or painful for no apparent reason.  It is critical to halt the progression of the infection before the gum tissue and jaw bone have been affected as well as to treat the infection before carried into the bloodstream.
  • Unexplained bleeding  – Bleeding when brushing, flossing or eating food is one of the most common symptoms of a periodontal infection because the toxins in plaque cause a bacterial infection that makes the tissues prone to bleeding.
  • Bad breath/halitosis  – Bad breath may be caused by old food particles which sit between the teeth and underneath the gumline because the deeper gum pockets house more debris and bacteria and cause a foul odor.
  • Longer-looking teeth  – Because periodontal disease can lead to gum recession, the toxins produced by bacteria can destroy the supporting tissue and bones, making the teeth look longer and the smile appear more “toothy.”
  • Pus  – The pus is a result of the body trying to fight the bacterial infection and, if it is oozing from between the teeth, this is a definitive sign that a periodontal infection is in progress. 
  • Loose teeth/Change in bite pattern  – As bone tissue gets damaged, teeth once firmly attached to the jawbone become loose or may shift in position. A sign of rapidly progressing periodontitis is the loosening or shifting of the teeth in the affected area. 
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