Orthodontics is a dental specialty specifically targeted at diagnosing and treating tooth irregularity and misalignment in the jaw area. Teeth that are well-aligned represent easier cleaning, better oral hygiene, clearer speech and a more pleasant smile. It is best to begin orthodontic treatment earlier, as problems can be resolved more easily.
Some of the common conditions treated with orthodontics are:
- Anteroposterior deviations
–This is a deviation between a pair of closed jaws is known as an anteroposterior discrepancy or deviation.
– This occurs when there is insufficient space for normal growth and development of adult teeth.
- Aesthetic problems
– A beautiful straight smile can be marred by a single misaligned tooth.
Some of the most common treatments are:
- Fixed orthodontic braces
This is a metal or ceramic dental base affixed to each tooth, with a dental wire inserted through each base.
- Removable appliances – There are a wide range of removable appliances commonly used in orthodontics, including headgear to correct overbites.
This is a newer, removable type of dental aligner that is completely transparent and does not interfere with eating.